Numerous translations and commentaries on the Qur’an have been made by learned men who had no access to modern scientific knowledge. In my book, The Bible, the Qur’an and Science, I have quoted passages from the Qur’an which came from the period prior to the Hijrah (the Prophet’s emigration from Makkah to Madeenah in the year 622) and which allude to the writing of the Qur’an before the Prophet’s departure from Makkah. It was much later discovered that stars are heavenly bodies producing their own light like the sun. It is precisely this data which exercise a magnetic attraction for today’s scientists. Exploring intriguing aspects of the Science of the Heart, new research shows the human heart is much more than an efficient pump that sustains life. Wherever I introduce scientific facts which are not yet 100% established, I will make it quite clear. By The Arabic word translated by the term ‘essence’ is sulaalah which means ‘something extracted, the best part of a thing’. "Instead, the revelations were preserved in the 'memories of men,'" said David Thomas and Nadir Dinshaw, both religious professors at the University of Birmingham. The Old Testament constitutes a collection of literary works produced in the course of roughly nine centuries and which has undergone many alterations. Answer : Read it here Does the Quran say anything about the the Cerubum? Who taught man what he did not know.” Qur’an, 96:1-5. Stakes ( awtaad ), which are driven into the ground like those used to anchor a tent, are the deep foundations of geological folds. The moon is an inert body which reflects light, whereas the sun is a celestial body in a state of permanent combustion producing both light and heat. It comes from the verb meaning ‘to dribble, to trickle’ and is used to describe what remains in the bottom of a bucket which has been emptied. In view of this, it was natural for reflections having a scientific aspect to be scattered throughout the Book. 22 July 2015. Galaxies are balanced by the position of stars and planets in well-defined orbits, as well as the interplay of gravitational forces produced by their masses and the speed of their movements. Reference is also made in the Qur’an to an intermediary creation between the heavens and the earth, as seen in chapter al-Furqaan: “God is the one who created the heavens, the earth and what is between them…” Qur’an, 25:59. Box 1054, Piscataway, NJ 08855-1054. However, it must be pointed out that modern commentators stress the interpretation of the Arabic word ayyaam, (one translation of which is ‘days’), as meaning ‘long periods’ or ‘ages’ rather than periods of twenty-four hours. This is hardly surprising if we are aware that the narration of the creation contained in the Bible was the work of priests living in the sixth century BC, hence the term ‘sacerdotal’ ( priestly ) narration is officially used to refer to it. These newer explanations have become more plausible thanks to scientific progress. I have shown that in my book, The Bible, The Qur’an and Science, where I discuss passages which enable us to locate Moses in time. In the commentaries to translations of the Qur’an that have appeared in European languages, I have only been able to find scattered and vague references to them. Follow Live Science @livescience, Facebook & Google+. But the Qur’an does not need unusual characteristics like this to make its supernatural nature felt. It is taken from chapter an-Naba’: “Have We not made the earth an expanse and the mountains stakes?”. To stress only the similarities, while silently ignoring the obvious dissimilarities, is to distort reality. As our knowledge of science in the various fields expands, certain concepts must seem increasingly unacceptable. MORE NATURE & SCIENCE . I took the liberty of including explanatory portions from his book where more detail was necessary. In fact, the notion derived from the Qur’an is one of a parallelism in the celestial and terrestrial evolutions. Whereas the Bible talks of the sun and the moon as two lights differing only in size, the Qur’an distinguishes between them by the use of different terms: light (noor) for the moon, and lamp (siraaj) for the sun. I shall always remember the comment of an eighteen-year-old Muslim, brought up in Saudi Arabia, commenting on a reference to human reproduction as described in the Qur’an. This is why the idea of a comprehensive study of the problem appealed to me. The process of implantation is appropriately described in several verses by the word ‘alaq, which is also the title of the chapter in which one of the verses appears: “God fashioned humans from a clinging entity.” Qur’an, 96:2. How should they be classified? Once the egg has been fertilized in the fallopian tube, it descends to lodge itself inside the uterus. False Prophets and March to the U.S. Capitol. In the case of a celestial body, one is forced to translate it, according to its original meaning, as ‘to travel with its own motion.’. The part played by men in the actual composition of the texts of the Bible is quite considerable. "Caliph Abu Bakr, the first leader of the Muslim community after Muhammad, ordered the collection of all Quranic material in the form of a book," Thomas and Dinshaw said. The Quran states that all beings are created in pairs. In the first place, science developed in the Arab World at a considerable time after the Qur’anic revelation had occurred. The skin would have been first cleaned of any hair or flesh and then stretched on a wooden frame. My reason for presenting this lecture was because it is impossible to explain how a text produced in the seventh century could have contained ideas that have only been discovered in modern times. On the 9th of November, 1976, an unusual lecture was given at the French Academy of Medicine. Astronomers have even give it a name, the solar apex. Researchers dated the parchmentby measuring the radioactive decay of carbon-14, a common way to determine the age of ancient papers and parchments. The notion of a settled place for the sun is vividly described in chapter Yaa Seen of the Qur’an: “The sun runs its coarse to a settled place That is the decree of the Almighty, the All Knowing.” Qur’an, 36:38. Matthew goes back as far as Abraham, and Luke to Adam. When all is said and done, scientific knowledge seems, in spite of what many people may say or think, to be highly conducive to reflection on the existence of God. E) The Quran on Seas and Rivers. The presence of these statements spread throughout the Qur’an looks (to the impartial observer ) like an obvious hallmark of its authenticity. [The Holy Land: 7 Amazing Archaeological Finds]. The Quran (Koran, the book of Islam) contains scientific knowledge that could not have been known 1400 years ago. We also carry CDs & DVDs, children toys, Islamic clothing, prayer caps & rugs, azan clocks, decorations, gifts and more. It is historically unacceptable to maintain that, at this time, humanity was totally wiped out. People consider these countries to be epicenters of progress and development. Today we know that fruit comes from plants that have sexual characteristics even when they come from unfertilized flowers, like bananas. In addition to this, a comparative study of similar data contained in the Bible (Old Testament and Gospels) seemed desirable. It would seem to me, that the first subject to deal with is Creation. The manuscript had been improperly bound with leaves of a similar Quran manuscript that dated to the late 7th century. But is this not what the Qur’an describes in terms which have only become comprehensible in modern times. But, are we throwing the Judeo-Christian revelation into discredit and depriving it of all its intrinsic value by stressing the faults as seen from a scientific point of view? The narration seems to have been conceived as the theme of a sermon designed to exhort people to observe the Sabbath. What appears to be of fundamental importance to me is that, in contrast to the narration contained in the Bible, the Qur’an does not lay down a sequence for creation of the earth and heavens. As we have already seen, from the moment it was first commto humans, it was learnt by heart and written down during Muhammad’s own lifetime. It was not until the sixteenth century, with Bernard Palissy, that we gained the first coherent description of the water cycle. It is my hope that these slight improvements will make this excellent work even more effective in presenting the final revelation of God to mankind. You will not penetrate them except with authority.”. - Quran & Bible in the Light of Modern Science- Concept of God in Hinduism & Islam&- Is Non-Vegetarian Food Permitted or Prohibited for Mankind? This is what we read in a verse from the chapter al-Mu’minoon: “I fashioned the clinging entity into a chewed lump of flesh and I fashioned the chewed flesh into bones and I clothed the bones with intact flesh.” Qur’an, 23:14. As in the case of everything we have discussed so far, we shall see that the Qur’an also expresses concepts in the field of geology that were way ahead of those current at the time of its revelation. "The Muslim communitywas not wealthy enough to stockpile animal skins for decades, and to produce a complete Mushaf, or copy, of the Holy Qur'an required a great many of them," he added. Let us now isolate, from all these verses, precise ideas concerning the complexity of the semen and the fact that an infinitely small quantity is required to ensure fertilization. Read Al-Quran Courses. Let me state at the outset that, after being Muslim for many years now, if I were given the topic of “The Miraculous Quran,” as I see it now, I would be emphasizing and discussing aspects that were completely unknown to me at … Does the Quran say anything about the Sea and Rivers? Science of Recitations Quranic Science Misc. C) The Quran on the Origin of the Universe. Nor do commentators writing in Arabic provide a complete study of the aspects of the Qur’an that deal with scientific matters. There is a second highly significant subject of comparison between the Bible and the Qur’an; descriptions of the deluge. It would seem that this intermediary creation corresponds to the modern discovery of bridges of matter which are present outside organized astronomical systems. It refers both to the heavens before the earth and the earth before the heavens, when it talks of creation in general, as in this verse of chapter Taa Haa: “(God) who created the earth and heavens above.” Qur’an, 20:4. You will receive a verification email shortly. More than anything else, I was struck by statements in the Qur’an dealing with living things, both in the animal and vegetable kingdoms, especially with regard to reproduction. It is absolutely essential, therefore, to note that the Qur’an does not contain any such indications as to the age of the world, and that these are specific to the Biblical text. Ramadan, however, is less a period of atonement than it is a time for Muslims to practice self-restraint, in keeping with ṣawm (Arabic: “to refrain”), one of the pillars of Islam (the five basic tenets of the Muslim religion). Certainly it is possible to compare the six days of creation as described in the Bible, plus an extra day for rest on God’s Sabbath, with this verse from chapter al-A‘raaf. In the field of physiology, there is one verse which appears extremely significant to me. Here it is possible to compare the verses referring to this topic with the general ideas prevalent today on the formation of the Universe. But, this is a mistaken idea resulting from an ignorance of history. What is more, in a century where, for many people, scientific truth has dealt a deathblow to religious belief, it is precisely the discoveries of science that, in an objective examination of the Islamic scripture, have highlighted the supernatural nature of revelation and the authenticity of the religion which it taught. In some cases, these statements were totally incomprehensible. Here I can only give a highly compressed account of a study on this subject that appears in my book. 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