No votes cast in favor of a political party, organization, or coalition shall be valid, except for those registered under the party-list system as provided in this Constitution. Adherence to international law is also important. The Congress shall not, except by general law, provide for the formation, organization, or regulation of private corporations. A certification to this effect signed by the Chief Justice shall be issued and a copy thereof attached to the record of the case and served upon the parties. All vacancies shall be filled within three months after they occur. SECTION 1. The Congress may provide for incentives, including tax deductions, to encourage private participation in programs of basic and applied scientific research. SECTION 3. All the country’s artistic and historic wealth constitutes the cultural treasure of the nation and shall be under the protection of the State which may regulate its disposition. It shall equally protect the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conception. During their continuance in office, their salary shall not be decreased. The State shall establish a special agency for disabled persons for rehabilitation, self-development and self-reliance, and their integration into the mainstream of society. No member of the House of Representatives shall serve for more than three consecutive terms. All existing laws, decrees, executive orders, proclamations, letters of instructions, and other executive issuances not inconsistent with this Constitution shall remain operative until amended, repealed, or revoked. SECTION 4. (2) The Chairman and the Commissioners shall be appointed by the President with the consent of the Commission on Appointments for a term of seven years without reappointment. The Congress shall convene once every year on the fourth Monday of July for its regular session, unless a different date is fixed by law, and shall continue to be in session for such number of days as it may determine until thirty days before the opening of its next regular session, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays. Some of the failings of the 1987 Constitution are that the world has changed and the terms set then are no longer applicable. (3) Every citizen has a right to select a profession or course of study, subject to fair, reasonable, and equitable admission and academic requirements. Each Commission shall perform such other functions as may be provided by law. The state has the right to pursue international relations with other nations, and nuclear weapons of any kind are restricted from the Philippine islands. SECTION 12. SECTION 4. SECTION 11. Such appointment requires no confirmation. The Congress may, by law, vest the appointment of other officers lower in rank in the President alone, in the courts, or in the heads of departments, agencies, commissions, or boards. SECTION 19. It shall protect the rights of workers and promote their welfare. As much as the Constitution of the Philippines is not the perfect book of the bill of law, right now is not the right time to change the Constitution There are Seven (7) constitutions of the Philippines. SECTION 11. The organic act shall define the basic structure of government for the region consisting of the executive department and legislative assembly, both of which shall be elective and representative of the constituent political units. SECTION 6. Within weeks of his inauguration as president of the Philippines in June 2016, Rodrigo R. Duterte became the most internationally known Filipino leader since Ferdinand Marcos, the country’s infamous dictator, and Corazon Aquino, the iconic housewife-turned-president who championed the restoration of democracy in 1986. No decision shall be rendered by any court without expressing therein clearly and distinctly the facts and the law on which it is based. Prevailing themes throughout the document are peace and equality. Voluntary renunciation of the office for any length of time shall not be considered as an interruption in the continuity of the service for the full term for which he was elected. SECTION 17. With the exception of agricultural lands, all other natural resources shall not be alienated. (4) A special appropriations bill shall specify the purpose for which it is intended, and shall be supported by funds actually available as certified by the National Treasurer, or to be raised by a corresponding revenue proposed therein. (1) The Congress, by a vote of two-thirds of both Houses in joint session assembled, voting separately, shall have the sole power to declare the existence of a state of war. 4. Below is a side-by-side presentation of Article Eighteen (18) of the 1987 Philippine Constitution in the Filipino language and in English. In case of death, permanent disability, removal from office, or resignation of the president, the vice president will become the president to serve the unexpired term. The term of office of the Senators shall be six years and shall commence, unless otherwise provided by law, at noon on the thirtieth day of June next following their election. SECTION 8. The salary of the Chief Justice and of the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, and of judges of lower courts shall be fixed by law. SECTION 9. (4) The regular Members of the Council shall receive such emoluments as may be determined by the Supreme Court. SECTION 16. (11) Perform such other duties and functions as may be provided by law. SECTION 3. (1) The State shall promote physical education and encourage sports programs, league competitions, and amateur sports, including training for international competitions, to foster self-discipline, teamwork, and excellence for the development of a healthy and alert citizenry. However, the State shall protect Filipino enterprises against unfair foreign competition and trade practices. The State shall provide the policy environment for the full development of Filipino capability and the emergence of communication structures suitable to the needs and aspirations of the nation and the balanced flow of information into, out of, and across the country, in accordance with a policy that respects the freedom of speech and of the press. Excessive bail shall not be required. Marriage, as an inviolable social institution, is the foundation of the family and shall be protected by the State. ARTICLE VI Legislative Department SECTION 19. Private property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation. The Commission may, during the election period, supervise or regulate the enjoyment or utilization of all franchises or permits for the operation of transportation and other public utilities, media of communication or information, all grants, special privileges, or concessions granted by the Government or any subdivision, agency, or instrumentality thereof, including any government-owned or controlled corporation or its subsidiary. To this end, the State shall encourage and undertake the just distribution of all agricultural lands, subject to such priorities and reasonable retention limits as the Congress may prescribe, taking into account ecological, developmental, or equity considerations, and subject to the payment of just compensation. The State shall promote the principle of shared responsibility between workers and employers and the preferential use of voluntary modes in settling disputes, including conciliation, and shall enforce their mutual compliance therewith to foster industrial peace. SECTION 16. Whenever there is a vacancy in the Office of the Vice-President during the term for which he was elected, the President shall nominate a Vice-President from among the Members of the Senate and the House of Representatives who shall assume office upon confirmation by a majority vote of all the Members of both Houses of the Congress, voting separately. Philippine independence was eventually achieved on July 4, 1946. The same requirements shall be observed by all lower collegiate courts. In all such cases, the votes of each House shall be determined by yeas or nays, and the names of the Members voting for or against shall be entered in its Journal. The Commission on Appointments shall meet only while the Congress is in session, at the call of its Chairman or a majority of all its Members, to discharge such powers and functions as are herein conferred upon it. The suspension of the privilege of the writ shall apply only to persons judicially charged for rebellion or offenses inherent in or directly connected with the invasion. The State shall also protect, develop, and conserve such resources. There shall be priority for the needs of the underprivileged sick, elderly, disabled, women, and children. The liberty of abode and of changing the same within the limits prescribed by law shall not be impaired except upon lawful order of the court. SECTION 13. Neither shall death penalty be imposed, unless, for compelling reasons involving heinous crimes, the Congress hereafter provides for it. SECTION 26. SECTION 7. If a President shall not have been chosen, the Vice-President-elect shall act as President until a President shall have been chosen and qualified. Such rules however shall not diminish, increase, or modify substantive rights. SECTION 14. Whether its China, United States, Indonesia, India or the Philippines, the Constitution the emphasize should be on the executive branch of government. (1) The Supreme Court shall be composed of a Chief Justice and fourteen Associate Justices. The Senate and the House of Representatives shall each have an Electoral Tribunal which shall be the sole judge of all contests relating to the election, returns, and qualifications of their respective Members. SECTION 11. 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