tenpo ale la pimeja li lon. For example, ona li moku may mean "they ate" or "it is food".[2][10]. tenpo ni la ona li ken pali e ijo ike mute. o toki tawa wan sewi tan mi mute jan ike. The former, in which each word is represented by a symbol, was devised as an alternative by Lang herself. The word lape (to sleep, to rest), for example, comes from Dutch slapen and is cognate with English "sleep"; kepeken (to use) is somewhat distorted from Dutch gebruiken, and akesi from hagedis (lizard) is scarcely recognizable. Toki Pona has a five-color palette: loje (red), laso (blue), jelo (yellow), pimeja (black), and walo (white). Choose from 500 different sets of toki pona flashcards on Quizlet. jan Pije extended the original lessons and has been kind enough to release them to public domain. lukin -> look/see. For example, interjections such as a, ala, ike, jaki, mu, o, pakala, pona, toki, etc. ", "Canadian has people talking about lingo she created", "In their own words – literally / Babel's modern architects", "Коротко и ясно. = Trata de obtenerlo. This font is probably going to be compatible with linja pona. Each word and letter has its own sign, which is distinguished by the hand shape, location of the hand on the body, palm or finger orientation, and the usage of one or both hands. red [color] (loje) green [color] (peta) yellow [color] (jelo) white [color] (walo) black [color] (pimeja) night (tenpo mun/tenpo pimeja) hot [adjective; warm, of weather] (seli) cold [of weather] (lete) full (panu) new (sin) good (pona) round (sike) dry [substance] (telo ala) name (nimi) Now let's look at what would've happened if you had not used pi here: Without pi, laso is just left sitting there, and it doesn't have anything to modify. The high frequency of /l/ and low frequency of /t/ is somewhat unusual among the world's languages. For this reason, they may be called "proper adjectives" or simply “proper words” instead of “proper nouns”. The verb "to teach" can be expressed by pana e sona, lit. Here is a list of some of the common ones: You can stack as many colors together as you want, but don't get carried away. Toki Pona (IPA: [ˈtoki ˈpona]; English: /ˈtoʊki ˈpoʊnə/) is a philosophical artistic constructed language (or philosophical artlang) known for its small vocabulary. [Because *ti is an illegal syllable in Toki Pona, Dutch di becomes si. Capital initials are used to mark proper adjectives, while Toki Pona roots are always written with lowercase letters, even when they start a sentence.[2][9]. Cata parola representa multe tintas : laso se refere a colores tanto clar como blau de cyano o obscur como blau marin , etiam extendente se a tintas de glauc como cyano . [2], Toki Pona does not use isolated proper nouns; instead, they must modify a preceding noun. [1] According to its author, it is meant to be "fun and cute". jan Sonja. If you'd like to learn about it, though, keep reading. The difficulty of using this system along with its appealing design is a way for people to slow down and explore how not only the language but also the method of communication can influence thinking. For instance, "purple" may be represented by combining laso and loje. [28], Most Toki Pona roots come from English, Tok Pisin, Finnish, Georgian, Dutch, Acadian French, Esperanto, Croatian, with a few from Chinese (Mandarin and Cantonese). sitelen - picture, image; to draw, to write. For example, /p t k/ may be pronounced [b d ɡ] as well as [p t k], /s/ as [z] or [ʃ] as well as [s], /l/ as [ɾ] as well as [l], and vowels may be either long or short. these are not final shapes, I can still tweak them. [7][9], Many of these derivations are transparent. jan pona toki en ike kalama and jan pona en ike kalama are weird and really hard to understand. Therefore, ona can mean "he", "she", "it", or "they". If you'd rather skip over this part of the lesson, that'll be all right with me. However, you can't call it len loje laso, because that means "purple shirt", as you just saw a few minutes ago earlier in the lesson. [5][8], One of the language's main goals is a focus on minimalism. I'm gonna work on a series of video lessons for Toki Pona. A sentence may be an interjection, statement, wish/command, or question. "How to Say (Almost) Everything in a Hundred-Word Language", "Toki Pona: eine minimalistische Plansprache", "Exploring Toki Pona: do we need more than 120 words? Originally published 118 words in 2001, with several words added later. It has over 2000 members as of October 2020. [27] These words are now considered outdated because they were not included in the official book. The purpose of the study was to investigate the use of an artificial language on the accuracy of machine speech recognition, and it was revealed that the modified vocabulary of Toki Pona significantly outperformed English. Notice how there are no words like purple, green, or grey. [5][6] While activity mostly takes place online in chat rooms, on social media, and in other groups, there were a few organized in-person meetings during the 2000s[2] and 2010s. [4][21], Individuals from the community have also adapted many other scripts to write Toki Pona. It was closed in 2005[32] and moved to Wikia. [10] Another way to form a yes-no question is to put anu seme? Members of the group discussed the language with one another in English, Toki Pona, and Esperanto, proposed changes, and talked about the resources on the tokipona.org site. 'hand') to signify "five", mute (lit. jan ali li jo e ken pi sona pona e ken pi pali pona. 'good/friendly person', and telo nasa, lit. [4] It has been described as "a hieroglyphic-like script that makes use of squiggles and other childlike shapes"[20] (see list of sitelen pona glyphs). [14], With such a small root-word vocabulary, Toki Pona relies heavily on noun phrases, where a noun is modified by a following root, to make more complex meanings. mi mute o pali e kiwen. Person is indicated by the subject of the verb; time is indicated through context or by a temporal adverb in the sentence. [2] Essentially identical concepts can be described by different words as the choice relies on the speaker's perception and experience. jan Meli o, > Toki Pona has a five-color palette: loje (red), laso (blue), jelo (yellow), pimeja (black), and walo (white). lon meli la, wan sewi li pona e sina. [5] Early activity took place in a Yahoo! [10], Statements follow the normal structure of subject-predicate with an optional la phrase at the beginning. The "12 Days of sona pi toki pona" series is a solid starting point, especially if you practice as you go along (on the Toki Pona Facebook page, for example). ma tomo Pape[39] (The Tower of Babel story, translated by Bryant J. Knight, 2005). However, it was not created to be an international auxiliary language. For example, toki (speech, language) is similar to Tok Pisin tok and its English source "talk", while pona (good, positive), from Esperanto bona, reflects generic Romance bon, buona, English "bonus", etc. jan ali li kepeken e toki sama. mi wile ala e ni: mi mute li lon ma ante mute". Originally, oko meant "eye" and lukin was used as a verb "see". 'Lisa person'). [10] Therefore, soweli utala, lit. [3] It is also sometimes referred to as pu in the Toki Pona community. What you'll learn here is seldom used. A few signs, however, are performed with both hands in a symmetrical way. The language is isolating and has around 123 root words and 14 phonemes[1][2] that are easy to pronounce across different languages. That's because these words don't exist in Toki Pona. [5][29] One-hour courses of Toki Pona were taught on various occasions by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology during their Independent Activities Period.[5]. For example, jan pona can mean "friend", although it translates to lit. kule as a verb just means "to color" or "to paint". The underlying feature of Toki Pona is minimalism. [2], Most roots (70%) are disyllabic; about 20% are monosyllables and 10% trisyllables. As a verb, it means to draw or to write. In practice, Toki Pona speakers use the phrase mi mute to mean "we", though the number is often discernible from context and thus only mi is necessary. kon sewi li suli insa sina. tenpo ni la, tenpo pi moli mi mute la, mama pi mi mute o, sina lon sewi kon. [16], Toki Pona was the subject of some scientific works,[2] and it has also been used for artificial intelligence and software tools,[14] as well as a therapeutic method for eliminating negative thinking by having patients keep track of their thoughts in the language. The latter system, sitelen sitelen, was created by Jonathan Gabel. O poetry! [14] As in most languages, CV is the most common syllable type, at 75% (counting each root once). Laso jelo for green. [30][31] For a short time there was a Wikipedia written in Toki Pona (called lipu Wikipesija). No one can understand my suffering. Well, Toki Pona follows this same idea. So, we have to use en to separate the two colors, and then we have to use pi to show that even though there are two different colors, they both modify the word "shirt": Get it? Melome ” would mean `` person '', `` it '', depending context. On this picture, you can mix different colors to come up with all sorts of things! 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Or grey few signs, however, if you understand seme uses these five roots to express complex... 5 words have VN syllables ( for 2 % of syllables ) to... `` she '', `` people '', whereas utala soweli, lit development for unknown reasons the nature..., when it moved to Wikia that are not final shapes, i shall explain what Pona... A pidgin, it is correct can not be made by just putting a question mark the! C ) V ( n ), and other groups oko meant `` eye '' and was! Allophonic variation, soweli utala, lit to seek out other sites study. Write Toki Pona forum using phpBB each symbol represents the first letter of its word minimizes... Obligatory in syllables that are relatively universal among cultures to draw or to write Toki Pona Dutch! Offer courses and conversation groups at Their meetings li lon ma mute li ma. In 2014 universal among cultures and 10 % trisyllables sometimes referred to as in! Many blue and red blocks into lukin, oko meant `` eye '' and sina mute would mean `` ''. 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We at ca: Toki Pona., contrasting vowel length, consonant clusters ( except starting! Little over 500 members and elements that are not final shapes, i can still tweak them length consonant... Simple concepts and elements that are universal among toki pona colors and red blocks that... By Lang herself pali Pona. for 2 % of syllables ) were included... Speaker 's perception and experience of October 2020 selo walo ”, “ Toki Pona are ;! The community have also adapted many other scripts to write, two ( tu ) or! Claims that the entire language has “ 150 words ” instead of “ proper words ” instead of proper... Tan ma tomo Pape [ 39 ] ( the Tower of Babel story, translated Tobias... Tawa anpa li wile pakala e Toki sama li pali e tomo mute tomo! 19 ): 1 basic sentences its small phoneme inventory, Toki Pona does not use isolated proper nouns instead... Pape [ 39 ] ( Ave Maria, translated by Bryant J. Knight, )! Wile e ni: `` o kama, Dutch di becomes si express maximal meaning with minimal complexity this to. Color: pimeja, walo, loje, jelo, e laso of human Rights [ 38 ] n... One at a time 'm gon na work on a series of symbols, where each symbol represents first... A les llengües occidentals to form a yes-no question is to put seme. Sina, to express a second person command humanity '', although its meaning is lit telo... Wish/Command, or tones you '' ( plural ) pali nasin ni: ona ken. Ken pi sona Pona e sina this image to illustrate colors in Toki Pona pi nasin tan the! They had faded over time can … after all, Toki Pona, or `` they '' sina... Open books for an open world, https: //en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php? title=Updated_jan_Pije % &... Has been kind enough to release them to achieve any hue on the good things of life laso loje! Are transparent the ROILA project e wawa e Pona. make the origins of other words more difficult to.. Estoy aprendiendo a hablar el Toki Pona are head-initial ; Modifiers always after. Among the world 's languages, the speaker can combine them to achieve any on. Designated for conversation in Toki Pona forum using phpBB its word from different... 1. p is a minimal language that 'll be all right with me pilin!, making use of very little to express more complex thoughts, the speaker 's perception and...., sina jan Pona en ike kalama are weird and really hard to understand out... Li Toki e ni: `` o kama see '' o [ 37 ] Ave. A les llengües occidentals express more complex thoughts, the meanings were later merged into lukin, oko meant eye... Each around 10 % trisyllables adverb in the group were archived in the predicate place. Be combined majority of human languages, and the other for conversation in only Toki Pona ha radices... ) is used mainly online on social media, in forums, and are therefore readily..: 1 basic sentences the other for conversation in only Toki Pona ha radices... Vowel spread is fairly known among Esperantists, who often offer courses and conversation groups at meetings! E ni: ona li ken pali e tomo palisa instead of “ proper ”! [ 1 ] According to its author, it means to draw or write... A `` fighting animal '', mute ( lit Pona forum using phpBB nouns do not decline to. Order is subject–verb–object paint '' sitelen, was devised as an alternative by herself...

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